Bur Dubai Area Guide 2023

Dictricts Bur Dubai Area Guide 2023
~25 min


Nestled on the western banks of Dubai Creek, Bur Dubai is a captivating central district that has Dubai's rich history, cultural heritage, and modern aspirations. This iconic neighborhood, known for its fusion of tradition and innovation, has played a pivotal role in shaping the dynamic landscape of both Dubai and the United Arab Emirates (UAE).

Bur Dubai holds immense importance in the grand narrative of Dubai's transformation. As one of the oldest neighborhoods, it serves as the cradle of the city's origin, showcasing the evolution from a modest trading settlement to a global metropolis. The district's historical significance is not just confined to its streets but resonates throughout the wider UAE, contributing to the nation's identity and heritage.

With landmarks like Al Fahidi Fort and Dubai Museum, Bur Dubai encapsulates the essence of UAE's culture, enabling locals and visitors to connect with the nation's roots. Beyond its historical value, the area has flourished into a hub of modernity, seamlessly blending traditional markets and architecture with contemporary developments.

In this juxtaposition of the past and present, Bur Dubai offers a unique lens to understand how Dubai and the UAE have balanced the preservation of history and progress. Its continued relevance as a cultural beacon and a vibrant urban center makes it a must-visit destination for those seeking to immerse themselves in the heart of the Emirates' story.

History of Bur Dubai

Bur Dubai is a neighborhood steeped in history and tradition, representing Dubai's roots. It is situated on the western bank of Dubai Creek, Bur Dubai is one of the oldest neighborhoods in the city. Before Dubai's transformation into the bustling urban metropolis, it is today, Bur Dubai was as the site of the city's original settlement. Its strategic location along the creek's shoreline made it a natural hub for trade and interaction, contributing to its growth as a significant trading port.

One of the important phases in Bur Dubai was the establishment of Al Fahidi Fort, constructed in the late 18th century to defend the settlement against external threats. This fort stands as a symbol of the area's resilience and strategic importance. Additionally, Bur Dubai played a role in maritime trade, with traditional wooden boats docking at the Dubai Creek to exchange goods, fostering cultural exchange among different nationalities.

Over the years, Bur Dubai has evolved from a trading post to a thriving community, showcasing the emirate's journey of development from humble beginnings to modern cities. The neighborhood has retained its authentic charm, especially in the Al Fahidi Historical Neighbourhood, where traditional reed houses and reconstructed buildings offer a glimpse into the past. As Dubai expanded and developed, Bur Dubai retained its relevance through careful preservation and modernization, balancing the old with the new.

Today, Bur Dubai stands as a living history book, telling the story of Dubai's transformation. It has preserved its identity while accommodating the city's growth, making it an essential part of Dubai's urban fabric. This neighborhood embodies the essence of Emirati culture, a strong sense of community and history while embracing progress and change.

Geography and Architecture of Bur Dubai

Geography and Architecture

Nestled on the western bank of the Dubai Creek, Bur Dubai is a historic district that exudes its unique architectural charm. Its physical layout is characterized by a juxtaposition of modern mid-rises, spacious villas, and vintage apartments, creating a dynamic blend of architectural styles. There are historical landmarks in the area, such as the Grand Mosque with its towering minarets, adding a touch of grandeur to the skyline.

Bur Dubai has several remarkable features that make it stand out in the cityscape. One such feature is the Dubai Frame, an iconic structure that offers breathtaking views of Dubai's historic and modern sides. The Dubai Water Canal, formed by extending the Dubai Creek, has transformed Bur Dubai into an island, adding a touch of uniqueness to its geography. This transformation underscores Dubai's penchant for innovation and transformation.

Bur Dubai's architecture is a reflection of its diverse cultural influences. The district houses a mix of historic buildings and modern landmarks. Each architectural element contributes to the district's cultural tapestry, from the opulent minarets of the Grand Mosque to the vibrant blue-tiled Iranian Mosque. The Hindu temple in Bur Dubai stands as a testament to the Indian expatriate community's influence on the area's cultural landscape.

The district's appeal lies in its abundance of local amenities, including schools, clinics, and public parks, creating a self-sustained community that caters to diverse needs. Access to public transportation, such as the Dubai Metro stations Emirates Towers Metro, World Trade Centre Metro Station 2, Max Metro, ADCB Metro which are situated near and connect the district with other parts of Dubai.

Bur Dubai strikes a harmonious balance between preserving its historical heritage and embracing modernity. The traditional markets, restaurants, and shops pay homage to the district's roots, while iconic structures like the Wafi Mall showcase the city's contemporary aspirations. This blend of old and new creates an environment where cultural diversity thrives, echoing Dubai's ethos as a global spot.

Key Attractions

  1. Meena Bazaar. Meena Bazaar is a vibrant and bustling marketplace that offers an authentic taste of Dubai's traditional shopping scene. Known for its colorful stalls and lively atmosphere, visitors can explore a wide array of goods, from textiles and spices to jewelry and electronics.

  2. Grand Mosque. The Grand Mosque stands as an architectural marvel and a symbol of religious significance. Its imposing structure features stunning minarets that grace the skyline. Visitors can appreciate the intricate details of Islamic architecture and find a serene space for reflection.

  3. Iranian Mosque. Adorned with striking blue tiles, the Iranian Mosque showcases exquisite Persian design. Its unique beauty sets it apart as a visual gem, offering a tranquil space for prayer and contemplation.

  4. Textile Souq. The Textile Souq presents a glimpse into Dubai's historical trade roots. Here, visitors can explore a vibrant selection of fabrics, textiles, and garments, engaging in a sensory journey that connects the past with the present.

  5. Dubai Museum. Housed within Al Fahidi Fort, the Dubai Museum immerses visitors in the emirate's history and culture. Exhibits and artifacts provide insights into Dubai's transformation from a trading port to a global city. The museum's engaging displays are both educational and captivating.

  6. Dubai Frame. The Dubai Frame is a modern architectural wonder that offers a unique perspective on the city's past and present. Visitors can ascend to its observation deck to enjoy panoramic views of both the historic side of Bur Dubai and the contemporary skyline.

  7. Dubai Mall and Burj Khalifa. Near Bur Dubai is the very famous Downtown Dubai district, where you can enjoy some of the most iconic landmarks of Dubai, including Burj Khalifa, Dubai Mall, and the Dubai Fountain, which features a world-famous music-light-water show.

Here are some tips for visiting the Bur Dubai area and Dubai:

  • Best Time to Visit. The cooler months from November to April are ideal for exploring Bur Dubai's attractions, as the weather is more pleasant for outdoor exploration.

  • Ticket Information. Entry fees and ticket prices vary for each attraction. Check the official websites or local sources for up-to-date information on ticket prices and any available combo offers.

  • Cultural Respect. Remember to dress modestly when visiting mosques, covering your shoulders and knees. Be respectful of prayer times and avoid taking photos during these moments.

  • Guided Tours. Consider joining guided tours, especially for attractions like the Dubai Museum, as knowledgeable guides can provide insightful information that enhances your experience.

  • Souvenirs and Bargaining. When shopping at places like Meena Bazaar and the Textile Souq, feel free to bargain to get the best deals on souvenirs and goods.

  • Combine Visits. Since many attractions are located close to each other, consider planning your visits to multiple attractions in one day to optimize your time.

Culture and Lifestyle in Bur Dubai

Culture and Lifestyle

Bur Dubai encapsulates a rich tapestry of culture, traditions, and a vibrant lifestyle that reflects the essence of Dubai's heritage. This historic district is a mix where the old and the new seamlessly coexist, creating a unique atmosphere that resonates with both residents and visitors.

The cultural diversity of Bur Dubai is palpable in its markets, restaurants, and shops, where you can find a blend of Arabian, Indian, Persian, and other international influences. This multicultural environment involves Dubai's position as a global hub, attracting people from different countries.

Bur Dubai's lifestyle is a fusion of tradition and modernity. The district's residents embrace a contemporary way of life while cherishing their roots. The streets are alive with the chatter of locals and the footsteps of tourists exploring the bustling markets and historic sites. The district's energy is infectious, making it a hub for socializing, shopping, and cultural experiences.

Noteworthy local customs or practices:

  1. Hospitality. Emirati culture places a strong emphasis on hospitality. Visitors to Bur Dubai can experience this warmth firsthand through interactions with locals, and shopkeepers, and even through dining experiences.

  2. Prayer Times. Observing prayer times is an integral part of local life. Be mindful of the call to prayer, particularly around mosques, and avoid taking photos or creating disruptions during these moments.

  3. Modesty in Dress. When in Bur Dubai, especially near religious sites, it's respectful to dress modestly, covering your shoulders and knees. This shows an appreciation for local customs and values.

  4. Cultural Sensitivity. While Bur Dubai is an international hub, it's important to be culturally sensitive. Avoid public displays of affection and be aware of local customs, especially during religious occasions.

  5. Cultural Events. Bur Dubai hosts various cultural events, festivals, and exhibitions that celebrate the diverse heritage of the UAE. Participating in these events offers insights into the local way of life and artistic expression.

  6. Market Etiquette. When visiting markets like Meena Bazaar and the Textile Souq, remember that bargaining is common. Approach it as a friendly exchange and be respectful in your negotiations.

Culinary Scene

Bur Dubai's culinary scene is a delectable journey through Emirati and international flavors, reflecting the district's cultural diversity. The local cuisine celebrates traditional Emirati dishes alongside international favorites, from aromatic spices to succulent meats.

  • Al Harees. A slow-cooked dish of wheat and meat, Al Harees is a staple during Ramadan and other festive occasions.

  • Machboos. A fragrant rice dish often cooked with tender meat or seafood, Machboos showcases the influence of spices in Emirati cuisine.

  • Luqaimat. These bite-sized sweet dumplings, often drizzled with date syrup, are a favorite dessert for locals and visitors alike.

Bur Dubai's cultural diversity is mirrored in its array of international cuisines. Indian, Persian, Pakistani, and other flavors intertwine, offering a global culinary experience.

Notable restaurants and cafes in Bur Dubai include:

  1. Estrellas Rooftop Lounge. This lounge offers a panoramic view of Dubai's skyline while serving a blend of Mediterranean and Middle Eastern cuisines. It's a perfect spot to enjoy a meal while soaking in the city's ambiance.

  2. Paradise Palace Restaurant. Known for its Indian and Pakistani dishes, Paradise Palace Restaurant captures the essence of South Asian flavors. It's a favorite among locals and visitors seeking authentic curries and kebabs.

  3. Asian Bistro Restaurant. As the name suggests, this restaurant brings together flavors from across Asia. From sushi to noodles, visitors can savor a variety of Asian delights under one roof.

  4. Turfa Restaurant. Specializing in Emirati cuisine, Turfa Restaurant offers an immersive experience into local flavors. Dishes like Machboos and Al Harees take center stage, allowing you to savor traditional delicacies.

Shopping Experience in Bur Dubai

Shopping Experience

Bur Dubai's vibrant shopping scene is a treasure trove of experiences, where traditional markets (souks) and modern malls coexist harmoniously. These shopping destinations offer a diverse range of goods, from textiles and spices to contemporary fashion and electronics.

  • Textile Souk. Immerse yourself in the vibrant Textile Souk, where a kaleidoscope of fabrics, garments, and textiles awaits. From silks to satins, this market captures the essence of Dubai's trading heritage.

  • Al Seef. Al Seef seamlessly blends the past and present, offering a charming waterside setting for shopping. Explore traditional stores and modern boutiques while taking in the picturesque views of Dubai Creek.

  • Meena Bazaar. Meena Bazaar is a bustling marketplace renowned for its eclectic assortment of goods. From clothing and accessories to electronics and souvenirs, you'll find a myriad of items to choose from.

  • Al Fahidi Souk. This traditional souk offers a nostalgic shopping experience. Discover aromatic spices, intricate handicrafts, and unique souvenirs that reflect the essence of Dubai's history.

  • Wafi Mall. Wafi Mall caters to modern shoppers seeking luxury and contemporary fashion. It's a haven for upscale brands, lifestyle products, and gourmet delights, all set within a stunning Egyptian-themed architecture.

  • Burjuman Mall. A premier shopping destination, Burjuman Mall boasts an array of international brands, entertainment options, and delectable dining experiences. It offers a blend of high-end and accessible shopping.

While haggling is not common in modern retail environments like malls, it's often expected in traditional souks or markets. Here are some tips on how to haggle on local markets:

  1. Research. Prior to visiting the markets, research the approximate prices of the items you're interested in. This knowledge will empower you during haggling negotiations.

  2. Start Low. When haggling, begin with a price significantly lower than the asking price. This allows room for negotiation and creates a friendly exchange.

  3. Polite Persistence. Haggling is a cultural practice, so maintain a polite and friendly demeanor while negotiating. Respect the vendor's perspective and engage in a respectful back-and-forth.

  4. Bundle Purchases. If you're buying multiple items from the same vendor, consider bundling them together. Vendors might be more open to offering discounts for bulk purchases.

  5. Walk Away. If the vendor's price doesn't meet your budget, don't hesitate to walk away. Often, they'll call you back with a better offer if they believe you're genuinely interested.

  6. Comparative Shopping. Before finalizing a purchase, explore multiple stalls or shops to compare prices. This gives you a better understanding of the market value of the item.

  7. Cash and Small Bills. Carry small bills and local currency to facilitate smooth transactions. Cash is preferred in traditional markets, and having small denominations makes haggling easier.

  8. Friendly Interaction. Building a rapport with the vendor can lead to better deals. Engage in friendly conversation and show genuine interest in their products.

Accommodation Options

In Bur Dubai, a diverse range of accommodation options awaits, catering to various preferences and budgets. From modern apartment buildings to luxurious hotels, residents and visitors can choose from an array of residences and hospitality offerings.

Suggestions for different budgets and preferences:

  1. Affordable Apartments. For budget-conscious individuals, areas like Al Raffa and Al Fahidi offer more economical apartment options. These locations provide access to essential amenities and a vibrant atmosphere.

  2. Mid-Range Apartments. Al Raffa, Oud Metha, Al Hamriya, and Al Jaddaf host mid-range apartment buildings that provide a balance between cost and comfort. These neighborhoods are known for their affordability and proximity to facilities.

  3. Luxury Apartments. Seeking a touch of luxury? Explore upscale apartment options in Al Raffa, Oud Metha, and Al Jaddaf. These areas offer more refined living spaces with modern amenities.

  4. Villas and Townhouses. Al Jaddaf and Al Kifaf present options for those desiring spacious villas and townhouses. These residences are equipped with contemporary facilities and often form part of upcoming projects.

Average rent prices in Bur Dubai:

  • Studio Apartments: The average rent is around AED 35k per year.

  • 1-Bedroom Apartments: The average rent is around AED 47k per year.

  • 2-Bedroom Apartments: The average rent is around AED 65k per year.

  • 3-Bedroom Apartments: The average rent is around AED 92k per year.

  • 4-Bedroom Apartments: Rent ranges from AED 90k to AED 120k per year.

  • 4-Bedroom Villas: The average rent is around AED 186k per year.

  • 5-Bedroom Villas: The average rent is around AED 190k per year.

Notable hotels in the Bur Dubai area:

  1. Grand Hyatt Dubai. An iconic 5-star hotel with 682 rooms and suites, multiple pools, and a range of dining options. Conveniently located near Dubai Healthcare City and Sheikh Rashid Road.

  2. Hilton Garden Inn Dubai Al Jadaf Culture Village. This luxury hotel offers 326 guest rooms, suites, an outdoor pool, a fitness center, and meeting rooms. It's in proximity to Al Jaddaf Metro Station.

  3. Park Regis Kris Kin Hotel. A 5-star hotel near prominent attractions such as Dubai Museum and Dubai Creek. It features the Kris With A View Restaurant with panoramic city views.

  4. Palazzo Versace Dubai. An ultra-luxurious resort in the Jaddaf Waterfront area, featuring Italian, Greek, and Arabian architectural influences. It boasts eight restaurants, outdoor pools, and landscaped gardens.

  5. Raffles Dubai. A renowned 5-star hotel near the Oud Mehta district, offering spacious rooms, suites, and the indulgent Raffles Spa for a luxurious stay.

Getting Around

Bur Dubai offers a range of efficient and accessible public transportation options that make navigating the area convenient and hassle-free. Whether you're a resident or a visitor, these options allow you to explore the district and its surroundings with ease:

  • Dubai Metro. The Dubai Metro is a key mode of transportation, with the Green Line passing through Bur Dubai. Emirates Towers Metro, World Trade Centre Metro Station 2, Max Metro, ADCB Metro are convenient access points, that connect you to various parts of the city, including landmarks, shopping malls, and business districts.

  • Buses. An extensive bus network covers Bur Dubai, connecting different neighborhoods, attractions, and metro stations. The bus system is well-maintained and cost-effective, making it an excellent option for both short and longer journeys.

  • Water Taxis and Abras. Dubai Creek's water taxis and traditional wooden abra boats offer a unique transportation experience. They allow you to cross the creek and explore Deira, offering picturesque views of Dubai's skyline and iconic landmarks.

  • Ride-Sharing Services. Popular ride-sharing services like Uber and Careem operate throughout Dubai, providing another flexible way to move around Bur Dubai and beyond.

  • Taxis. Taxis are readily available and offer a convenient means of transportation. They provide door-to-door service and are equipped with meters to ensure fair pricing.

Here are some tips for navigating the Bur Dubai area:

  1. Metro Connectivity. Utilize the Dubai Metro's Green Line for seamless travel through Bur Dubai. Plan your route using the metro map and schedule available online or at the stations.

  2. Bus Routes. Familiarize yourself with the local bus routes and schedules. Bus stops are marked with route numbers and destinations, making it easy to identify the right one.

  3. Nol Card. Purchase a Nol Card, Dubai's smart card for public transportation. It offers a convenient way to pay for metro, bus, and water taxi rides, ensuring a smooth and efficient travel experience.

  4. Water Transport. Experience the charm of Dubai Creek by taking a traditional abra or water taxi. These rides provide a unique perspective of the city and its landmarks.

  5. Traffic Timing. Keep in mind that Dubai's traffic can vary during peak hours. Plan your travel times accordingly, especially if you have specific appointments or plans.

  6. Taxis and Ride-Sharing. If you prefer door-to-door service, taxis and ride-sharing services are readily available. Make use of official taxi stands or apps to ensure safe and reliable rides.

  7. Navigation Apps. Use navigation apps like Google Maps or local apps tailored for Dubai's transportation system. These apps provide real-time directions, estimated travel times, and alternate routes.

Special Events

Bur Dubai thrives with an active social calendar that offers a variety of events, festivals, and celebrations throughout the year. From cultural gatherings to art exhibitions, residents and visitors alike can immerse themselves in the vibrant atmosphere of the district. Bur Dubai's proximity to the Dubai World Trade Centre amplifies its appeal, as the venue hosts many events and significant exhibitions year-round. Notable among these are GITEX, Arab Health, Gulfood, Beautyworld, and various others, offering diverse experiences and opportunities for engagement.

  • Al Fahidi Art Galleries. The historic Al Fahidi Historical Neighbourhood hosts numerous art galleries that showcase emerging artists worldwide. Notable venues like XVA Art Hotel and Al Serkal Cultural Foundation curate art exhibitions celebrating creativity and diversity.

  • GITEX. One of the most significant technology exhibitions in the region, GITEX attracts tech enthusiasts, innovators, and industry professionals. It's an opportunity to explore cutting-edge technologies and trends.

  • Arab Health. As the largest healthcare exhibition and congress in the Middle East, Arab Health gathers medical experts, practitioners, and companies to showcase healthcare and medical equipment advancements.

  • Gulfood. Food enthusiasts and industry professionals converge at Gulfood, a global food and hospitality trade show. It highlights the latest culinary trends, innovations, and networking opportunities.

  • Beautyworld. This event is a hub for beauty and wellness professionals. Beautyworld brings together cosmetics, skincare, and wellness brands to showcase their products and services.

  • Dubai Shopping Festival (DSF). Held annually, the Dubai Shopping Festival is a shopper's paradise featuring discounts, promotions, and entertainment across various malls and shopping districts.

  • Dubai International Film Festival (DIFF). Film enthusiasts can enjoy screenings of international and regional films during this prestigious event that celebrates cinematic excellence.

  • Dubai Food Festival (DFF). A treat for foodies, the Dubai Food Festival offers culinary experiences, gourmet events, and a chance to savor global cuisines from local restaurants and food trucks.

  • Dubai World Cup. Horse racing enthusiasts gather for the Dubai World Cup, one of the world's richest horse races, featuring top-class entertainment and high-stakes races.

Practical Information

  • Local Currency. The currency used in Dubai is the United Arab Emirates Dirham (AED).

  • Language. The official language is Arabic, but English is widely spoken, especially in urban areas like Bur Dubai. This makes communication with locals and navigating the area easier for English-speaking visitors.

  • Time Zone. Dubai follows Gulf Standard Time (GST), which is UTC+4.

  • Electricity. The standard voltage is 220-240V, and the plugs are of the three-pin type.

  • Wi-Fi and Connectivity. Most hotels, restaurants, and public places offer Wi-Fi connectivity. SIM cards and mobile data packages are readily available for tourists who want constant connectivity.

Safety considerations and emergency contact information:

  • Safety Precautions. Dubai is generally safe for travelers. However, respecting local customs, laws, and cultural norms is advised. Avoid public displays of affection and dress modestly in public areas.

  • Emergency Contacts. In case of emergencies, dial 999 for police, ambulance, or fire services.

  • Healthcare. Dubai offers excellent medical facilities. For medical emergencies, Rashid Hospital and Dubai Hospital provide 24-hour emergency care.

  • Travel Insurance. It's recommended to have comprehensive travel insurance that covers medical expenses, personal belongings, and travel disruptions.


Bur Dubai stands as a vibrant and culturally rich district that encapsulates the essence of Dubai's past and present. Its historic significance, coupled with a modern urban atmosphere, creates a unique blend that appeals to both residents and visitors. The area's rich history, architectural marvels, bustling souks, and diverse events make it a true gem within Dubai.

The streets of Bur Dubai resonate with the echoes of the past, showcased through its heritage sites, traditional reed houses, and the iconic Al Fahidi Fort. Amidst the historical charm lies a bustling community that thrives in its cultural diversity, evident in its culinary scene, local markets, and social events.

The district's location close to Dubai Creek and major attractions like Dubai World Trade Centre enhances its appeal as a hub of exploration and connectivity. From the enchanting Meena Bazaar to the grandeur of the Grand Mosque, Bur Dubai offers a myriad of experiences that captivate the senses.

As you traverse the vibrant Bur Dubai area, you'll encounter modern amenities seamlessly blending with traditional architecture. The district's offerings are diverse and enticing from the bustling Al Karama to the historic Al Shindagha Tunnel and Al Maktoum Bridge connecting Bur Dubai and Deira. The allure of Saeed Al Maktoum's historic legacy and the rich culture of the UAE further enrich the experience.

You can see the traditional wooden boats that grace the waters of Dubai Creek, reflecting the city's maritime heritage. Wander through the many shopping streets and malls, where modernity coexists with tradition. Take a stroll through the lush Zabeel Park or enjoy the scenic beauty of Jumeirah Beach.

In your journey, you'll encounter historic buildings, reconstructed marvels, and modern galleries that showcase Dubai's evolution. The best hotels' warm hospitality, excellent service, and helpful staff ensure a comfortable stay.

As you explore the district's interesting parts, don't miss the opportunity to experience unique attractions, including not only the indoor dolphinarium but also many other cultural treasures within Umm Hurair. The floating bridge, the former ruler's court, and the charm of the old town await your discovery.

Every corner and landmark of Bur Dubai reveals a piece of history, and every experience offers a glimpse into the vibrant magic of the city. We encourage you to immerse yourself in the enchanting world of Bur Dubai, to savor its flavors, explore its attractions, and embrace the warmth of its community. Your adventure awaits in the heart of this dynamic city, where tradition and modernity intertwine in a truly captivating mix.



  • 1.

    Which Metro goes to the Bur Dubai district?

    There are many stations in and near Bur Dubai: Emirates Towers Metro, World Trade Centre Metro Station 2, Max Metro, and ADCB Metro. Dubai Metro is a very good transport and it provides easy access to the district.

  • 2.

    What is Bur Dubai in English?

    "Bur Dubai" translates to "Mainland Dubai" in English. It is the historic district of Dubai located on the western side of the Dubai Creek, opposite Deira. It is known for its traditional architecture, markets, cultural sites, and historical significance.

  • 3.

    Is Bur Dubai good for tourists?

    Yes, Bur Dubai is good for tourists. It offers a mix of historical sites, cultural experiences, shopping opportunities, and a vibrant atmosphere. Tourists can explore attractions like the Al Fahidi Historical Neighbourhood, Dubai Museum, and Grand Mosque, and enjoy shopping in the traditional souks. The district's blend of heritage and modernity makes it a diverse and engaging destination for visitors.

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Update date: 04/08/2024